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Working Time Regulations

Kate Fretten
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Breaches of Working Time Regulations Under section 45A of the Employment Rights Act 1996 , workers have the right not to be treated badly by their employer for refusing to work in breach of the Working Time Regulations 1998 (WTR). If such a refusal is...

Employer Liability at Christmas Parties

Chris Dobbs
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It’s the most wonderful time of the year! Christmas party season is upon us and many of us will don the paper hats and celebrate another cracking (sorry) year with our colleagues. We are regularly asked for advice on about employer liability at...

Time limits on unfair dismissal claims

Paul Burton
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How long do employees have to make an unfair dismissal claim? Most employment claims should be brought within a three-month time limit. If it is not 'reasonably practicable' for an employee to present their claim within the three-month time limit,...

Commute Times and the Gender Pay Gap

Kate Fretten
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Men will commute longer Analysis by the Office for National Statistics has shown that women who commute for an hour are nearly 30 per cent more likely to leave their jobs than if they have a ten-minute commute. The ONS believes this is due to childcare...

Discriminatory job adverts

Paul Burton
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Are your job adverts accidentally putting off potential applicants? A new LinkedIn report has looked at the language used in job adverts and found that certain things can deter a potential applicant from applying. Job descriptions that put women off The...

Dismissal for long-term sickness

Kate Fretten
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What is the definition of long-term disability? A person is disabled if she has a physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on her ability to do day-to-day activities. To be 'long-term' an impairment must have...

Is vegetarianism a philosophical belief?

Paul Burton
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Following on from our article on veganism in the workplace, we look at a recent tribunal’s decision on vegetarianism. Is vegetarianism a protected characteristic? A philosophical belief might be a protected characteristic if it: Is genuinely held...

The Gig economy

Kate Fretten
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Self-employed or worker status? Worker status is the holy grail in the gig economy, including the fields of taxi rides, food delivery and courier services. Workers are entitled to certain employment rights such as the national minimum wage and paid holiday,...

Injury to feelings

Paul Burton
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Three bands of compensation for injury to feelings If an employee wins a discrimination claim, the employment tribunal will award compensation for injury to feelings. There are three bands: Top band for the most serious cases (currently £26,300 -...

Secretly Recording Meetings: Misconduct? Entrapment?

Kate Fretten
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Are secret recordings admissible? In unfair dismissal cases, both the compensatory and basic awards can be reduced by the tribunal, potentially to zero, based on the employee's conduct before dismissal. Secret recordings of meetings by an employee can...

Clarity on Expected Behaviour

Paul Burton
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Protected characteristics and conduct Harassment has been in the legal news again this month. Anthony harasses Belinda if he does something in relation to a protected characteristic (race, sex etc) which has the purpose or effect of violating Belinda's...

Gender pay gap reporting

Kate Fretten
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Do we need to report our gender pay gap? The Government Equalities Office has told the Treasury Select Committee that it is planning to extend the gender pay gap reporting obligations. The gender pay gap refers to the fact that average pay for men is...

Underpaid holiday pay

Paul Burton
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If employees are underpaid for their holiday, they can bring an unlawful deduction from wages claim. A claim must be submitted within 3 months of the underpayment, or the last in any series of deductions. Deduction from wages claims In the case of Bear...

Discrimination against veganism at work

Kate Fretten
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According to a recent survey of 1000 vegan employees and 1000 employers, almost half of vegan employees have felt discriminated against by their employers. 31 per cent said they had felt harassed at work or treated unfairly due to their veganism. ...

Unfair dismissal and Permanent Health Insurance (PHI)

Paul Burton
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PHI provides employees with pay during long term sickness or incapacity. Policies can define incapacity differently. Some policies define it as an employee's inability to return to their actual job. Some policies define it as an inability to return to...

Indirect age discrimination

Kate Fretten
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What is indirect age discrimination? Indirect age discrimination is where a policy that is applied to all employees negatively affects people in a certain age group. An indirectly discriminatory policy can be justified if it is a proportionate means of...

Unfair dismissal & re-engagement

Paul Burton
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What is re-engagement? If an employee wins their unfair dismissal claim, a tribunal can order compensation. They also have the power to order reinstatement (to the old job) or re-engagement (to a comparable job). Can an employee force an employer to...

Discrimination arising from disability - depression

Kate Fretten
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Discrimination arising from disability happens when an employer treats an employee unfavourably because of something that arises because of their disability (and which cannot be objectively justified). However, an employer will not be liable if they...

Race Discrimination through Social Media platforms

Paul Burton
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The ever-increasing use of social media is having a knock-on effect on relationships in the workplace. The Employment Tribunal are seeing matters brought before them in relation to online discrimination and harassment, the question being whether the employer...

What is Proselytising?

Kate Fretten
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Proselytising is where someone preaches about religion with a view to converting other people to that religion. The Court of Appeal has recently examined when a dismissal for proselytising can be fair. Can you be dismissed for religious preaching at work? ...

Shared Parental Leave Pay Discrimination

Paul Burton
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The Court of Appeal has decided that it is not discriminatory for an employer to pay men on shared parental leave less than birth mothers on statutory maternity leave. The Court of Appeal looked at the issue in a series of joined cases, including Hextall v...

Holiday Pay

Kate Fretten
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The holiday season is upon us and the next installment of the Flowers v East of England Ambulance Trust saga has arrived from the Court of Appeal. The case involves voluntary overtime and whether it should be included when calculating holiday pay....

Can unfavourable treatment arise in consequence of a mistaken belief?

Paul Burton
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No, held the EAT in iForce v Wood . Disability and fixed workstations iForce employed Ms Wood as a packer in their warehouse. Ms Wood was a disabled person for the purposes of The Equality Act 2010, suffering from Osteoarthritis. She worked at a fixed...

Confidentiality Clauses - Proposals for Reform

Kate Fretten
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The government has issued a consultation document seeking views on new measures to prevent the misuse of non-disclosure agreements in situations of workplace harassment or discrimination. The consultation document is announced on the back of several...

Long Term Disability Benefits

Paul Burton
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A recent EAT judgement on Long Term Disability Benefits answered the following question: “Where an employer was contractually obliged to provide an employee with long-term disability benefits until his ‘return to work’, did that mean the...

Lengthy Suspensions

Kate Fretten
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Did an employee's lengthy suspension ground a claim for whistleblowing detriment or race discrimination? Not on the facts of this case, held the EAT in Uwalaka v Southern Health Foundation NHS Trust . Suspension for Alleged Misconduct Mr Uwalaka was...

What defines 'Long Term' Disability Discrimination?

Paul Burton
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A recent EAT, Nissa v Waverly Education Foundation , provides some guidance on what defines ‘long-term’ disability. This certainly isn’t black and white, and the case has been remitted to a different tribunal for reconsideration, but it...

Frettens Launch Online Client Portal

Matthew Fretten
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Launched in February, the Frettens Client Portal has already received praise from a number of clients, who particularly like the user-friendly interface, as well as the security and simplicity of the software.

Judgement on Unfair Dismissal - Automatically Unfair Reasons

Kate Fretten
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When claiming dismissal on grounds of assertion of an infringement of a statutory right, must there have been an actual infringement by the employer (rather than a mere intention or threat of infringement)? Yes, held the EAT in Spaceman v ISS Mediclean...

New Acas Age Discrimination Guidance

Paul Burton
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Acas has published new Guidance on Age Discrimination to help employers and line managers manage an age diverse workforce, prevent unfair treatment at work, and eradicate bias against older and younger workers. The Guidance includes a 'top ten...

'Ground-breaking' pay deal for couriers

Kate Fretten
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Many of you will have seen in the news earlier this month that Hermes, the delivery firm, struck a deal with the GMB union to offer paid holiday and guaranteed rates of pay. The move comes in response to mounting media and political pressure on companies to...

Protected Disclosure

Kate Fretten
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Can complaining about defamation form the basis of a protected disclosure in a 'whistleblowing' claim? Yes, held the EAT in Ibrahim v HCA International, although on the facts the public interest test was not met. Whistleblower​ A...

Redundancy Protection for Women and New Parents

Paul Burton
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The government has published another consultation paper, following a suggestion in the Taylor Review of Modern Working Practices . Currently, if a woman on maternity leave is selected for redundancy, she must be given priority over other redundant...

Home Office Updates Guidance on Preventing Illegal Working

Kate Fretten
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The Home Office has updated its Code of Practice on Preventing Illegal Working . The Code of Practice sets out the prescribed checks that employers should conduct to avoid a civil penalty in the event of illegal working. It replaces the Code issued in May...

Gross Pay and Employment Status

Paul Burton
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It seems Employment Status features heavily in every update we issue at the moment. Another interesting judgement was published on 10th January, after last September’s hearing. Is the right to use a substitute consistent with employee status? Yes,...

Snow Days and your Legal Obligations

Kate Fretten
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After the chaos caused by last year’s ‘Beast from the East’, and the country’s ability to grind to an almost complete halt at the first hint of snow, many of you will have probably familiarised yourselves with an employer’s...

Disability Discrimination

Paul Burton
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Is the award of an enhanced pension on medical retirement "unfavourable treatment"? under the Equality Act 2010 , if the amount is calculated based on part-time salary because the employee is working part-time as a result of a disability? The UK...

Trading Status

Louisa Knight
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Operating your own business can be a rewarding and fulfilling venture, but, at times, it can also feel like sailing against a tide of rules and regulations. Knowing the laws that apply to your business and how to comply with them can help to make life...

Government Publishes Good Work Plan

Kate Fretten
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In what has been hailed by the government as ‘the largest upgrade in a generation to workplace rights’ , the Good Work Plan’ was announced just before Christmas. The plan comes as a result of the Matthew Taylor Good Work Review and...

Are Uber drivers 'workers'?

Paul Burton
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It is likely you have read or heard about this case as it has rumbled on for some time and has been afforded quite a lot of coverage in the mainstream media. Uber BV v Aslam & others The Court of Appeal judgement on the previous Employment Appeal...

Statements of Employment Particulars

Kate Fretten
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Does an employee have a right to a statement of employment particulars when employed for less than two months? According to the recent judgement in Stefanko and others v Maritime Hotel Ltd , then yes they do, provided they have worked continuously for at...

Parity of Pay for Part-Time Workers

Paul Burton
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Was it less favourable treatment to pay a part-time worker 50% of full pay for being on duty 53.5% of full time hours? Yes, held the Court of Appeal in British Airways v Pinaud . Mrs Pinaud worked a part-time contract of 14 days on and 14 days off. She had...

Paul Burton Shortlisted for Lawyer of the Year at Dorset Legal Awards

Matthew Fretten
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Paul Burton , the Head of our Employment Team has been shortlisted for ‘Lawyer of the Year’ at the prestigious Dorset Legal Awards , Sponsored by QuoStar . Paul was actually nominated for the award by two of his clients without his knowledge....

Employment Status

Kate Fretten
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Is an employment tribunal entitled to use a "realistic and worldly wise" approach to determining employment status? Yes, held the EAT in Addison Lee v Lange & ors . Obligation to work The Claimants were all private hire drivers, who entered...

Long Term Disability

Paul Burton
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Is there an implied term that an employer will not dismiss an employee for incapability if that would thwart entitlement to long-term disability benefits? Yes, on the facts, held the EAT in Awan v ICTS . Long-term disability benefit plan Mr Awan commenced...

Government considering re-introducing Employment Tribunal fees

Kate Fretten
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We are aware, from published statistics, that employment tribunal claims more than doubled in the period April to June 2018 compared to the same period in the previous year. This is no doubt down to the abolishment of employment tribunal fees by the Supreme...

Unfair dismissal - must you always follow the process?

Paul Burton
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Unfair dismissal is when an employee's employment contract is terminated and the employer did not have fair reason to do so. Unfair dismissal can also be claimed if the employer did have a fair reason, but handled the dismissal using the...

Indirectly liable for injury caused at a work party?

Kate Fretten
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Can an employer be vicariously liable for injury caused at an impromptu work after party? If you are injured at the work Christmas party, who is at fault?  Accidents can happen anywhere, and in some cases, injuries may not be the fault of the...

Can an individual be liable for a whistleblowing dismissal?

Paul Burton
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Can an individual be liable for a whistleblowing dismissal, along with the employer? Under UK legislation, an employee has the right not to be subjected to a detriment for making a protected disclosure, commonly referred to as “whistleblowing”. ...

Can an employer give a bad employment reference?

Kate Fretten
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References are often asked for in job applications.There is usually no legal obligation to provide a reference. However, employers that give references must make them fair and accurate. Accordingly, employers who ask for references must handle them...

Does annual leave accrue during parental leave?

Kate Fretten
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Accruing annual leave during maternity leave It is relatively well known that an employee continues to accrue annual leave during their maternity leave, at the same rate as if they were still at work, based on their current contract of...

Giving notice for an internal promotion

Paul Burton
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Does giving notice amount to an unambiguous act of resignation? Not necessarily, said the Employment Appeals Tribunal in East Kent Hospitals University NHS Foundation Trust v Levy . Resignation In this case, the Claimant worked as an Administrative...

'Gay cake' row - UK's most expensive cake?

Paul Burton
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In Lee v Ashers Baking Company Ltd , the Supreme Court has held that a bakery did not discriminate against a gay man when it refused to provide him with a cake bearing a message of support for same-sex marriage. The case has been publicised in national...

Establishing if a disability is a disability

Kate Fretten
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Can an employee prove disability without leading evidence on the impact of the employee's impairment on normal day to day activities? Does an employer have constructive knowledge of disability if an employee has denied having one? A recent case in the...

Parental Bereavement (Leave and Pay) Act

Paul Burton
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The Parental Bereavement (Leave and Pay) Act 2018 has now received Royal Assent. The related Bill was introduced to Parliament in July 2017. Under the bill, employed parents who have lost a child would be entitled to statutory paid leave to allow them...

TUPE: Five month gap does not prevent transfer

Kate Fretten
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The Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2006, known colloquially as TUPE, are the UK's implementation of the European Union Business Transfers Directive. It is an important part of UK labour law, protecting employees...

Time limits

Paul Burton
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Is time automatically extended when the limitation period expires on a non-working day? No, held the Employment Appeals Tribunal in Miah v Axis Security Services Ltd . Claim date Mr Miah's claim for unfair dismissal was received by the tribunal...

Repudiatory breach of contract

Kate Fretten
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It is increasingly common for employees to have lengthy notice periods of 3 to 12 months within their employment contracts. Once a member of staff resigns with a long notice period, it is accepted that they will still uphold all elements of...

Zero hours contract agency workers

Paul Burton
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Can a worker be on a zero hours contract and also be considered to be an agency worker? Does it depend whether the position is considered temporary rather than permanent? Should workers like this to be considered entitled to the same basic working...

Unfair Dismissal: Qualifying Period

Paul Burton
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Can an employee, dismissed for gross misconduct just short of qualifying for unfair dismissal, add the week's statutory notice under s86(1) ERA to obtain the right to claim unfair dismissal? No. An Employment Appeal Tribunal upheld the employers appeal...

Brexit and employment law - an update

Kate Fretten
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The Government has recently published its White Paper titled 'The Future Relationship between the United Kingdom and the European Union'. Paragraph 123 states a proposal that there be no regression in employment laws. No regression in employment...

Minimum Wage: 'On Call' Sleeping In

Paul Burton
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A carer, who sleeps at a client's home, is technically 'on call' during the night. So are they entitled to the minimum wage while they are asleep? A case was considered on this topic in the Court of Appeal recently, MenCap v Tomlinson-Blake ....

Can an employer discriminate on grounds of philosophical belief?

Kate Fretten
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Are employers prevented from discriminating against a staff member on grounds of philosophical belief, if for example, an employee is the only person to hold such a belief? Let’s look at a recent case in the Employment Appeals Tribunal, Gray v...

Can you use parental leave if you have used all of your annual leave?

Paul Burton
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Parental leave is a statutory right, available to all employees, but it is not frequently used. However, it can come in handy for some parents who may have utilised all of their holiday entitlement, especially during the school holiday periods or towards...

Can someone be dismissed for misconduct (or does it need to be Gross Misconduct?)

Kate Fretten
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Does 'misconduct' need to be 'gross' to make a dismissal fair (without prior warnings)? A recent case in the Employment Appeal Tribunal looked at this question. The case was Quintiles Commercial v Barongo . Dismissal The Claimant, Mr...

Employment Status

Paul Burton
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We have reported on the Uber and Pimlico Plumbers cases around worker status and the gig economy throughout the last 12 months. A Supreme Court ruling this month considered the Pimlico Plumbers v Smith ruling and whether the tribunal was entitled to...

Guidance on Overtime

Kate Fretten
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Acas has produced a useful new guide on overtime for employers, covering: the different types of overtime working time limits on overtime payment for overtime overtime for part-time workers the impact of overtime on holiday calculations Define...

Frettens celebrate official opening of Ringwood office

Michelle Hayter
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Frettens Solicitors were overwhelmed by the warm welcome during the official opening of their new Ringwood office, which took place on 2nd July 2018. With the cutting of the ribbon carried out by the Mayor of Ringwood, Cllr Tony Ring, the event was attended...

Transgender discrimination over pension

Paul Burton
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A transgender woman who was unable to access her pension was discriminated against by UK law, the European Court of Justice has found. Refused state pension In the UK, women born before 6 April 1950 can apply for a state pension at age 60, while men born...

Presenteeism - what happened to work-life balance?

Paul Burton
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Once, bosses fretted about absenteeism and the problem of staff not turning up for work. Now they are starting to worry about “presenteeism”, the long-hours culture and staff who simply won’t go home. From absenteeism to presenteeism ...

Dress codes for males and females

Kate Fretten
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The Government Equalities Offices has published new guidance on Dress Codes and Sex Discrimination . Policies for men and women Kate Fretten , a Partner in our Employment Team , says “This guidance serves as a reminder to employers that dress...

New ACAS guide: Religion and belief discrimination

Paul Burton
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The Equality Act 2010 makes it unlawful to discriminate against or treat someone unfairly because of religion or belief (or their lack of religion or belief). Religion or belief discrimination ACAS has launched new Guidance for Employers on Religion...

Unfair dismissal and discrimination

Kate Fretten
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Is it acceptable for an employer to dismiss a member of staff for misconduct without prior warning after multiple issues have arisen, even if none of the individual issues are, by themselves, gross misconduct? What is considered a reasonable response? ...

Part time workers: Comparators

Paul Burton
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If someone is employed under a zero hours contract, they are unable to make a claim under the Part-time Workers (Prevention of Less Favourable Treatment) Regulations 2000. Or so you would think. Part-Time Workers (Prevention of Less Favourable Treatment)...

Is it sex discrimination if paternal leave pay is not in line with maternity?

Kate Fretten
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If an employer does not enhance shared parental leave pay in line with enhanced maternity pay, would this carry a risk of a direct sex discrimination claim? Shared parental leave An employee may be eligible for shared parental leave and statutory...

Giving notice of termination

Paul Burton
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Where an employment contract does not specify when notice is deemed to be given, when does the notice of termination actually take effect? When has the notice period started? When an employer terminates an employee's contract, when is the notice period...

Itemised pay statements for all workers

Kate Fretten
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The first new employment legislation has been passed for a long time! The Employment Rights Act 1996 (Itemised Pay Statement) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2018 SI 2018/529 has been made recently. Written itemised pay statements The Order will amend Ss.8, 9, 11...

Closing the gender pay gap

Paul Burton
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A gender pay gap is the difference between women’s and men’s earnings, expressed as a percentage of men’s earnings. The new Equality Act 2010 (Gender Pay Gap Information) Regulations 2017 came into force on 6 April 2017. Starting from this...

Disability discrimination: definition of cancer

Kate Fretten
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What is ‘cancer’ for the purposes of the Equality Act 2010? Does it include, for example, a pre-cancerous lesion? Cancer is a disability Cancer is a ‘deemed' disability. Schedule 1, paragraph 6 of the Equality Act 2010...

Bumping & redundancy selection

Paul Burton
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In a redundancy case, must an employee specifically raise 'bumping' before an employer needs to consider it? What is bumping? Employees at risk of redundancy can be given the opportunity to ‘bump’ another employee out of their position,...

ACAS Statistics on early concillation and settlements

Kate Fretten
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Acas has published its most recent quarterly statistics, covering nine months between April 2017 and December 2017. Notification of intention to make a claim Kate Fretten , Partner in Frettens' Employment Team, summarises the key points. "The...

Detriment and time limits

Paul Burton
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What is a detriment? A detriment is unfair action taken by an employer against an employee during employment but does not go as far as dismissing the employee. It would include treatment by your employer that is demeaning or detrimental. Examples...

Working time: Time spent 'on call' at home

Paul Burton
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Can stand-by time spent at home but within a short distance of a workplace be counted as 'working time'? On stand-by at home A recent case in the Court of Justice of the European Union looked at this issue. The case was Ville de Nivelles...

Annual increase in Employment Tribunal awards

Kate Fretten
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The Employment Rights (Increase of Limits) Order 2018 has been laid before parliament, coming into force on 6 April 2018. It contains the normal annual increases to maximum and minimum tribunal awards. Maximum tribunal awards The key increases which...

Minimum wage increase 2018

Kate Fretten
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The National Minimum Wage (Amendment) Regulations 2018 have been laid before parliament. Increases to the national minimum wage They provide for the annual increase to the minimum wage and national living wage with effect from 1 April 2018. The...

The 5 most influential employment law cases of 2017

Paul Burton
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Paul Burton , Head of Frettens' Employment Team, counts down last year's most significant employment judgments… Assessing things for businesses to be aware of to avoid costly mistakes in 2018. 5. Enhanced shared parental pay for fathers? ...

Expiry of fixed-term contracts

Kate Fretten
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The Fixed-term Employees (Prevention of Less Favourable Treatment) Regulations 2002 are designed to prevent fixed-term employees being treated less favourably than similar permanent employees, and to limit the use of successive fixed-term contracts. When a...

Employed or self-employed: HMRC wins tax case against BBC presenter

Paul Burton
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A ruling yesterday at the Royal Courts of Justice for former 'Look North' host Christa Ackroyd could have impact on more BBC presenters, who may face tax bills for thousands of pounds. The case pivots on whether Ackroyd was self-employed or employed...

Privacy at Work: Surveillance cameras Article 2

Paul Burton
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Last month we looked at data protection laws in the context of staff rights to privacy and a company’s ability to use surveillance cameras and referenced a case from a Montenegro University. Another recent case has touched upon some similar issues...

Working time: Rest breaks

Kate Fretten
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Employers are required to allow workers a 20 minute rest break under the Working Time Regulations. Can an employer still fulfil this entitlement by breaking down more rest breaks of a shorter duration? A case at the Employment Appeal Tribunal has ruled that...

Refusing to work in protest

Paul Burton
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Employees can potentially be demoted if they have been on long term sick leave and return to work but unable to complete the same level of work as before. However, this can be deemed as discriminatory depending on the circumstances. If the employee believes...

Uber appeal on 'worker' status

Paul Burton
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Uber's application to 'leapfrog' an appeal to the Supreme Court has been refused. Worker status We reported last month on the Employment Appeal Tribunal which dismissed Uber's appeal in Uber BV v Aslam , upholding the employment...

What happens if a rogue employee breaches the Data Protection rules?

Kate Fretten
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Can an employer be indirectly liable for the criminal actions of a rogue employee in breach of the Data Protection Act? Employee with a grudge breaches data rules A High Court case, Various Claimants v Wm Morrisons Supermarkets plc , has upheld that, yes,...

Privacy at work: Surveillance cameras

Paul Burton
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Employers have the right to monitor activities in many situations at work, including: recording on CCTV cameras & videoing outside the workplace opening mail or e-mail & use of automated software to check e-mail checking phone logs or...

Perceived Disability Discrimination

Kate Fretten
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If a non-disabled job applicant is rejected because of a perception or anticipation that a condition could become a disability in future, is this direct disability discrimination? Disability discrimination by perception In an Employment Appeal...

Protected conversations and unfair dismissal

Paul Burton
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Last month, we asked whether, as an employer, you could rely on parts of a 'protected conversation ' as evidence, whilst at the same time using those rules as a shield. Continuing this theme, we are looking at whether you could include...

'Protected' conversations

Kate Fretten
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As an employer, can you rely on parts of a 'without prejudice discussion' or a 'protected conversation' as evidence whilst at the same time using those rules as a shield? An interesting case highlighted this issue, where the Claimant was...

Uber appeals to the Supreme Court

Paul Burton
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According to breaking news reported on Sky, Uber has submitted a petition to appeal directly to the Supreme Court - 'leapfrogging' the Court of Appeal. This is an attempt to overturn the EAT's decision on 10th November, which upheld that...

Discrimination - the burden of proof

Kate Fretten
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In a discrimination claim, does a Claimant have to prove facts which imply discrimination before the burden shifts to the Respondent? Yes, ruled the Court of Appeal in its judgment in Ayodele v Citylink . This overruled a previous decision in the...

Court backs claim for 13 years holiday pay

Paul Burton
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In a landmark legal battle at the European Court of Justice, a British window salesman has won his claim due to not receiving paid holiday for 13 years. Conley King worked for a sash window firm on a self-employed basis, but has been found to have...